Could Near Infrared Saunas Be The Best Thing For Your Skin?
Human skin is truly an incredible organ and is the epitome of multitasking. The skin holds us in and provides a physical barrier against injury and infection. The skin is crucial to homeostatic temperature control, cooling the body through sweating while having an insulating capacity as well.
Sweating when the body temperature elevates as in a sauna allows the skin to act as a powerful organ of elimination, ridding the body of toxins and heavy metals encountered in our toxic world. At the same time the skin acts as an absorption route for a variety of substances.
Much of the sensory input from our environment travels to our brain from cutaneous receptors. These receptors send information to the brain along sensory nerves providing important information ranging from temperature and pain to position-movement sense or proprioception.
The skin responds to our emotional states by blushing or the formation of “goosebumps”. The skin can feel cold or hot in response to emotional states and feelings can even result in breaking out and rashes.
Exposure to sunshine allows the skin to help in the formation of vitamin D.
Unfortunately many if not most people have unhealthy skin. The skin comes into contact with a great many toxins. Skin is inactivated by clothing and bathing in very hot water. Most Americans today are relatively sedentary and do not sweat enough.Wilson L, MD. Skin, And Care of Your Skin . The Center For Development. March 2015.
There are also many diseases and disorders that primarily or secondarily involve the skin. Direct and indirect costs borne by our society related to these skin problems run into the billions of dollars each year.
Low level laser (light) therapy (LLLT), phototherapy or photobiomodulation, all refer to the use of light for altering biological activity of certain target within the human body.Sawhney, MK, Hamblin, MR. Low Level Laser (Light) Therapy (LLLT) for Cosmetic Medicine and Dermatology .
the earth is near infrared light.American Society for Testing and Materials. Reference Solar Spectral Irradiance: Air Mass 1.5 . ASTM. Sep 28, 2013. Tiny receptors in our bodies called chromophores have an optical window that only absorbs and responds to near infrared light.
Hamblin M, Demidova T. Mechanisms of low level light therapy . Proc. SPIE 6140, Mechanisms
for Low-Light Therapy. 614001 (Feb 2006); doi:10.1117/12.646294.
LLLT for Skin Rejuvenation
Skin starts showing its first signs of aging in the late 20s to early 30s and it usually presents with wrinkles, dyspigmentation, telangiectasia, and loss of elasticity. Common features are reduction in the amount of collagen, fragmentation of collagen fibers, degeneration of elastic fibers, dilated and tortuous dermal vessels, and atrophy and disorientation of the epidermis. The passage of time and environmental influences are responsible for the aging process; however sun exposure seems to be one of the most important causes of these changes.Takema Y, Yorimoto Y, Kawai M, Imokawa G. Age-related changes in the elastic properties and thickness of human facial skin . Br J Dermatol. 1994 Nov;131(5):641-8. Kligman LH. Photoaging. Manifestations, prevention, and treatment . Clin Geriatr Med. 1989 Feb;5(1):235-51.
Several modalities have been developed in order to reverse the dermal and epidermal signs of photo- and chronological aging including are retinoic acid (a vitamin A derivative), dermabrasion, chemical peels, and ablative laser resurfacing.  However, these procedures require intensive post-treatment care, prolonged downtime and may lead to complications.  These limitations created a need for the development of alternative rejuvenation procedures that were safer, more effective, with fewer side effects.
Non-ablative skin rejuvenation aims to improve photoaged and aging skin without destroying the epidermis. LED light sources provide near infrared light for non-thermal, non-ablative skin rejuvenation shown to be effective for improving wrinkles and skin laxity. LLLT promotes collagen and elastin formation as well as wound healing. Phototherapy improves the appearance of aged and photoaged skin in a safe manner.   
LLLT for Acne
Acne vulgaris is a relatively common skin disorder, with a reported prevalence of up to 90% among adolescents. Although typical acne is neither a serious nor a contagious condition, it can greatly impact the emotional and social aspects of an individual’s life. Current therapies for acne vulgaris include topical antibiotics and other topical compounds. In severe cases oral antibiotics and hormones have been used. 
Sunlight exposure has often been reported to have a significant impact on the treatment of acne, with a high efficacy of up to 70%. Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of red to near infrared (NIR) light (spectral range 630 nm to 1000 nm, and non-thermal power less than 200 mW) for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Red light maybe used alone or in combination with other modalities (in particular, blue light).     
LLLT for Herpes Virus Lesions
One of the most common virus infections is caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV). HSV is chronic and lasts one’s entire life. The exposure of the host to physical or emotional stresses such as fever, exposure to UV light, and immune suppression causes virus reactivation eruption of “cold sores”. Anti-viral drugs have been only partially effective.
LLLT has been suggested as an alternative to current medications for accelerated healing, reducing symptoms and influencing the length of the recurrence period.    
LLLT for Vitiligo
Vitiligo is an acquired pigmentary disorder characterized by depigmentation of the skin and hair. The underlying mechanism of how the depigmentation occurs is uncertain. Therefore, stimulation of these epidermal and dermal cells may be a possible treatment option. Treatment of vitiligo has generally been unsatisfactory.
LLLT has been suggested as an alternative effective treatment option for patients with vitiligo. Phototherapy has been shown to improve pigmentation.  
LLLT for Hypertrophic Scars and Keloids
Hypertrophic scars and keloids are benign skin tumors that usually form following surgery, trauma, or acne and are difficult to eradicate. The use of LLLT as a prophylactic method to alter the wound healing process to avoid or attenuate the formation of hypertrophic scars or keloids has been investigated. Near infrared (NIR) LED therapy has been shown to improve scar formation without adverse effects.   
LLLT for Burns
Patients treated with NIR showed decreased symptoms of burning, redness, swelling, and peeling after acute sunburn. People that receive laser therapy may suffer devastating burns. LED treated laser burns have demonstrated accelerated healing.  
LLLT for Psoriasis
More recently LLLT has been considered for treatment of plaque psoriasis. A recent preliminary study showed no adverse side effects and a resolution of psoriasis. The limitation of this study was the small number of patients enrolled, however the results observed encourage future investigations for use of LLLT in treating psoriasis.Ablon G. Combination 830-nm and 633-nm light-emitting diode phototherapy shows promise in the treatment of recalcitrant psoriasis: preliminary findings .
Photomed Laser Surg. 2010 Feb;28(1):141-6. doi: 10.1089/pho.2009.2484.
LLLT for Photoprotection
The UV range (< 400 nm) exposure is responsible for almost all damaging photo-induced effects on human skin.   Existing solutions to prevent UV damage are based on either avoidance of sun exposure or by use of sunscreens. Sun avoidance might be hard to implement, especially for the people involved in outdoor occupations or activities. Topical sunscreens have their own limitations as well.
It has recently been suggested that infrared (IR) exposure might have protective effects against UV-induced skin damage mainly by triggering protective/repair responses to UV irradiation.  
LLLT for Treatment of Hair Loss
Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common form of hair loss in men, affecting almost 50% of the male population. Several other forms of hair loss also exist such as telogen effluvium (TE), alopecia areata (AA), and alopecia induced via chemotherapy.
In 2007, the FDA approved LLLT as a possible treatment modality for hair loss.
Multiple studies have shown LLLT to be beneficial in treating hair loss. In male pattern baldness (AGA) patients described significant improvements in overall hair regrowth, a decreased rate of hair loss, thicker feeling hair, improved scalp health and hair shine. About 65% of the patients that receive chemotherapy for cancer develop alopecia. In an animal model hair regrowth proceeded more rapidly after LLLT.     
LLLT for Fat Reduction and Cellulite Treatment
Obesity is a nearly universal problem today and up to 85% of women suffer from cellulite, a significant cosmetic concern. LLLT with near infrared light has been efficacious in decreasing body fat and specifically cellulite formation.
Low level light or laser therapy (LLLT) is a form of light therapy. Light therapy is used interchangeably with phototherapy or photobiomodulation. Non-ablative lasers, LED’s, and near infrared lamps are used in a wide variety of applications in the management of skin problems and disorders. They provide a safe, user friendly, and effective alternative to traditional treatments which are often expensive, problematic and of limited effectiveness.
The large and rapidly growing body of research in this field does not specifically address the use of near infrared lamp saunas but one fact bears repeating. Virtually all research and actual application of phototherapy involves near infrared light. Every wavelength utilized in research and clinical use is contained in the light emitted by the tungsten lament bulbs in a near infrared lamp sauna. Use of near infrared saunas will only increase as awareness of this powerful tool grows in the public mind.
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